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## Finitely-additive measures on the asymptotic foliations of a Markov compactum

An asymptotic expansion for ergodic integrals and limit theorems are obtained for translation flows along stable foliations of pseudo-Anosov automorphisms

In this paper a multi-server queueing system with regenerative input flow and independent service times with finite means is studied. We consider queueing systems with various disciplines of the service performance: systems with a common queue and systems with individual queues in front of the servers. In the second case an arrived customer chooses one of the servers in accordance to a certain rule and stays in the chosen queue up to the moment of its departure from the system. We define some classes of disciplines and analyze the asymptotical behaviour of a multi-server queueing system in a heavy-trac situation (trac rate is more or equals 1). The main result of this work is limit theorems concerning the weak convergence of scaled processes of waiting time and queue length to the process of the Brownian motion for the case when the traffic rate is more then one and its absolute value for the case when the traffic rate equals one.

In this paper we investigate a multi-server queueing system with regenerative input flow and independent service times with finite mean. Queues with several servers are sufficiently complex but considerably interesting. There are many papers devoted to this theme. We consider queueing systems with various rules (disciplines) of the service performance: systems with a common queue and systems with individual queues in front of the servers. In the second case an arrived customer chooses one of the servers in accordance to a certain rule and stays in the chosen queue up to the moment of its departure from the system. We define some classes of disciplines and analyze the asymptotical behavior of a multi-server queueing system in a heavy-traffic situation (traffic rate is more then one). The main result of this work is the weak convergence of scaled processes of waiting time and queue length to the process of the Brownian motion.

Topic modeling is a widely used approach for clustering text documents, however, it possesses a set of parameters that must be determined by a user, for example, the number of topics. In this paper, we propose a novel approach for fast approximation of the optimal topic number that corresponds well to human judgment. Our method combines renormalization theory and Renyi entropy approach. The main advantage of this method is computational speed which is crucial when dealing with big data. We apply our method to Latent Dirichlet Allocation model with Gibbs sampling procedure and test our approach on two datasets in different languages. Numerical results and comparison of computational speed demonstrate significant gain in time with respect to standard grid search methods.

We consider a sequence of general filtered statistical models with a finite-dimensional parameter. It is tacitly assumed that a proper rescaling of the parameter space is already done (so we deal with a local parameter) and also time rescaling is done if necessary. Our first and main purpose is to give sufficient conditions for the existence of certain uniform in time linear–quadratic approximations of log-likelihood ratio processes. Second, we prove general theorems establishing LAN, LAMN and LAQ properties for these models based on these linear–quadratic approximations. Our third purpose is to prove three theorems related to the necessity of the conditions in our main result. These theorems assert that these conditions are necessarily satisfied if (1) an approximation of a much more general form exists and a (necessary) condition of asymptotic negligibility of jumps of likelihood ratio processes holds, or (2) we have LAN property at every moment of time and the limiting models are continuous in time, or (3) we have LAN property, Hellinger processes are asymptotically degenerate at the terminal times, and the condition of asymptotic negligibility of jumps holds.

We explain the Dirac–Segal approach to quantum field theory. We study local observables in this approach and the theory of deformations. We found out that this theory of deformation in the second-order coincides with the renormalization of the same theory, would it be considered in Polyakov approach. We conjecture that it is still true to all orders.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.